Principium Volume II, Book 8, Quote 884 and 885

884. (8-27-2010) But men in [a] defenceless [sic] state naturally content themselves with their necessary subsistence, because to acquire more might only tempt the injustice of their oppressors. On the contrary, when they (men and women)ATJ are secure of enjoying the fruits of their industry, they naturally exert it to better their condition, and to acquire not only the necessaries, but the conveniences and elegancies of life.

- Adam Smith – The Wealth of Nations, 1776


885. (8-27-2010) (Consider reading Chapter III – Of the Rise and Progress of Cities and Towns after the Fall of the Roman Empire under the Section – Progress of Cities and Towns for a full understanding of the next thought, which, correlates well with a previous entry regarding property from a previous book.)ATJ That industry, therefore, which aims at something more than necessary subsistence, was established in cities long before it was commonly practiced by the occupiers of land in the country. If in the hands of a poor cultivator, oppressed with the servitude of village (Feudal Law: The state of a villain or serf; base servitude; tenure on condition of doing the meanest services for the lord.), some little stock should accumulate, he would naturally conceal it with great care from his master, to whom it would otherwise have belonged, and take the first opportunity of running away to a town. The law was at that time so indulgent to the inhabitants of towns, and so desirous of diminishing the authority of the lords over those of the country, that if he could conceal himself there from the pursuit of his lord for a year, he was free for ever [sic]. Whatever stock, therefore, accumulated in the hands of the industrious part of the inhabitants of the country naturally took refuge in cities as the only sanctuaries in which it could be secure to the person that acquired it.

- Adam Smith – The Wealth of Nations, 1776

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