744. (3-24-2010) Another factor promoting or inhibiting the power of parliaments was external and internal security: countries torn by foreign invasions and civil wars (or experiencing difficulties fomented to crisis by their supposed leaders)ATJ were (or are)ATJ prone to trade liberty for peace.
- Richard Pipes – Property and Freedom, 2000, referenced from Régis Jallifier – Histoire des Etats Généraux, 1302-1614, 1885
746. (3-25-2010) (Continuing with this theme)ATJ Contributing to the growth of absolutism (the monarch is the supreme owner, protector, and exploiter of all that is within the realm)ATJ in France was the wealth of the crown: wealth derived from its taxatory [sic] powers but also from the incomes provided by the royal domain. The English monarchy, a good share of those revenues was controlled by parliament, kept on selling its estates until it had almost no private income left. French kings, by contrast, were not allowed to alienate (sell off)ATJ any part of the royal domain; on their accession they had to swear an oath to this effect. As a result, in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, a decisive period in the history of parliamentary institutions, the French crown was the richest royal house in Europe.
- Richard Pipes – Property and Freedom, 2000
(The point of that historical perspective is the less private property and thereby, money, in the hands of the people or their representatives, and the more in the hands or under the control of those in power, the less freedoms and progress to freedom enjoyed in that society. Whereas, the greater the diffusion of wealth and property among the people, creates a powerful buffer and block to the abuse of power by the State, government, king, or whatever the form of leadership that the society may designate.)ATJ